UNO: Ultrafast nonlinear optics
Why UNO, the Ultrafast Nonlinear Optics Lab? Our sight, a magnifying lens, a telescope, a camera: we all experience the unique role of light in the discovery of the world around us. Light, not only reveals the world but also shapes it, interacting with matter in many ways: from the warmth of lying in the sun to the creation of particles from the vacuum. Optics deals with the physics of light and its interactions with matter.
When light is intense as in the focus of a lens, it interacts strongly with matter and gives rise to several intriguing effects. For instance, two light rays may stop ignoring each other, and combine to produce new beams that were not present before, like in Star Wars' Death Star. This interaction regime is called nonlinear and is at the core of UNO.
A magnifying lens concentrates the light power in a tiny spot increasing its intensity, the quantity ultimately responsible for the onset of the nonlinear regime. Very similarly, we can concentrate the light energy in short bursts of radiation to further increase the intensity. Short pulses of less than 100 femtoseconds (hence the name ultrafast), are routinely used by UNO’s users to test how intense light modifies matter and gives rise to unexpected effects.
Not only nonlinear interactions produce novel beams, but also enable to change the light colours, or more specifically, its frequency. UNO team is devoted to studying and optimising the frequency conversion in different nonlinear regimes, both to produce and detect radiation hardly accessible by the available means and to push the boundaries of nonlinear optics into unexplored regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.
UNO targets two main themes:
Mid-infrared and Terahertz optics. The generation, detection, imaging and applications of long-wavelength radiation.
Quantum optics. The possibilities provided by non-classical states of light for enhancing light detection and imaging.
Combining the PI's experience in these two research areas led to the idea of employing non-classical states of light to improve the detection of terahertz fields. This research activity is currently funded by the EPSRC grant "Quantum-enhanced THz spectroscopy and imaging" (EP/P009697/1).
Quantum optics is typically limited to the visible or near-infrared frequencies. UNO aims at expanding its reach where a significant part of cutting-edge photonics research is now focused: the long- wavelength part of the spectrum. To achieve this goal, we shall depart from the standard photon measurement approach, and we aim at developing a new set of quantum technologies based on time-resolved electric field measurements.
PI: Matteo Clerici
PhD Students (first supervisor)
UNO-LAB is located at the third floor of the Advanced Research Centre, in the ROOM 336. It is a state of the art lab space with +/- 0.5 deg temperature stabilisation 24/7 with electronic feedback to users, humidity control and air-quality control.
The available laser sources are
- Femtosecond Erbium Laser (Menlo C-Fiber 780), delivering 70 fs pulse with average power >190 mW at 780 nm and >390 mW at 1560 n
- Light Conversion Carbide 40W (400 uJ/pulse at 100 kHz), with an OPA (670-2400 nm).
- IPG 2.3um CW laser (2W).
- Chromacity Spark 1040nm
January 2022. A brand new lab at the Advanced Research Centre!
École Polytechnique, Paris, France: Prof. A. Couairon
Insubria University, Italy: Profs. P. Di Trapani, O. Jedrkiewicz and L. A. Lugiato
Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy: Prof. M. Petrarca
CNR, Institute for Complex Systems: Profs. M. Missori, and C. Conti
ICFO, Spain: Prof. J. Biegert
Heriot-Watt University, UK: Profs. D. Faccio, A. Moore, F. Biancalana, J. Leach, and M. Ferrera
Sussex University, UK: Profs. M. Peccianti and A. Pasquazi
Strathclyde University, UK: Dr L. Caspani
INRS-EMT, Montreal: Profs. R. Morandotti, L. Razzari, F. Légaré, and F. Vidal
Few-cycle Inc. Montreal: Dr B. Schmidt
University of Central Florida: Prof. D. Christodoulides
San Francisco State University: Prof. Z. Chen
University of New Mexico: Prof. J.-C. Diels
Purdue University: Profs. V. Shalaev and A. Boltasseva